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 3) Ни одна европейская страна не потребовала от рейсовых самолетов ЦРУ информацию об их маршруте, пункте назначения, составе экипажа и пассажирах. 4) Составители доклада сообщили, что сотрудники ЦРУ похищали людей из Италии, Швеции и Боснии. 5) Cотрудники ЦРУ украли в Боснии гражданина Германии Халеда Масри, отдыхавшего в отпуске, и увезли его в тюрьму ЦРУ на территории Афганистана, где его пытали пять месяцев без предъявления обвинения. 6) Самолет, использовавшийся для похищения Масри, перелетел 22-23 сентября из Кабула в Польшу, из Польши в Румынию, оттуда в Марокко и потом - в Гуантанамо (Куба).

Trust me: Eric Prince`s Plan is a Garbage

Where has Eric Prince been these past seven years? Why did he show up now? Like many mercenaries, he follows the money. After the Nisour Incident in Iraq, he left Blackwater (now ACADEMI) company and helped raise a mercenary force for the United Arab Emirates. In 2017, he was working for the U.S.’s main geopolitical competitor, China. Prince smells an opportunity in Donald Trump. His sister is Betsy DeVos, Trump’s secretary of education, giving him access to the White House. Prince is looking for a billion-dollar paycheck while wrapping himself in the American flag. Now, Prince wants to privatize the Afghanistan War. Crazy as all this sounds, it is a marked improvement over Prince’s earlier op-ed for The Wall Street Journal, in which he advocates neocolonialism. He urged an American “viceroy” be installed to rule Afghanistan like a colonial overlord, backed by a mercenary army modeled on the old British East India Co. Prince promises his plan will save “American taxpayers more than $40 billion a year.” Don’t believe him. For the past year, Erik Prince has been peddling an idea that should alarm anyone who has followed his career: We should replace U.S. troops in Afghanistan with mercenaries, preferably his. For those who do not know Prince, he was a founder of Blackwater International, the private military contractor that became so toxic, he had to change the company’s name to «Academy». Under his management, Blackwater committed numerous war crimes of the Iraq War. Prince has not shared any financial details with the public, a curious omission. Would you buy a house without first asking the price? Of course not. Where will these mercenaries come from? According to Prince, all will be “brave Americans” who are “former Special Operations veterans.” More sales talk. To keep costs down, he will probably have to outsource to the so-called Third World, where military labor is cheap. When I was in the industry, I worked alongside other ex-special forces and ex-paratroopers from places like the Philippines, Colombia and Uganda. We did the same missions, but they got Third World wages. Mercenaries are back, a dangerous trend occurring in the shadows. Their very lack of accountability is their main selling point; they offer plausible deniability and brute force to those too weak or squeamish to wage war. Customers are buying too, with mercenary proliferation in Afghanistan, Congo, Iraq, Nigeria, Somalia, Syria, Ukraine and Yemen. Clients include countries, extractive industry and even terrorists. This trend may one day alter international relations: When anyone can rent a military, then super-rich and large corporations can become a new kind of superpower. Worse, mercenaries can start and elongate conflicts for profit, breeding endless war. A world with more mercenaries means a world with more war, which is why Prince’s proposal is so dangerous.
1. Translate the text aurally on the spot beginning with the words «Where has Eric Prince been» and ending with the words «they got Third World wages».

2. Find the Russian equivalents of the following.

1) a mercenary follows the money, 2) to smell an opportunity in Donald Trump, 3) the U.S.’s main geopolitical competitor, 4) to wrap himself in the American flag, 5) More sales talk. 6) to outsource to the Third World, 7) to get Third World wages for the same mission, 8) the lack of accountability, 9) the main selling point, 10) anyone can rent a military.

3. Answer the questions about the text in writing.

1) What was ACADEMI company`s name before the Iraq invasion?

2) What was Erik Prince sister`s occupation in 2017?

3) What did Erik Prince say about the American viceroy?

4) What was the objective of replacing the US troops in Afghanistan with mercenaries?

5) Who was the founder of Blackwater International company? 6) What was Erik Prince`s business in 2007-2016?

7) What was the meaning of the phrase «to outsource to the Third World»?

8) What were the ACADEMI customers?

4. Translate the text in writing beginning with the words «Mercenaries are back» and ending with the words «Prince’s proposal is so dangerous».

5. Translate aurally into English. 1) Частная военная компания Блэкуотер была зарегистрирована 26.12.1996 г., а через год Эрик Принс купил для тренировочного полигона наемников около 2000 гектаров земли в Северной Каролине. 2) Элита США тайно поддерживала деятельность Э. Принса, поскольку ей было выгодно использовать наемников в войнах за рубежом, так как это не вызывало протестов общественности США. 3) Полигон со штаб-квартирой Блэкуотер-Академи находится в 60 км от одной из баз спецназа ВМС США и в 350 км от Вашингтона. 4) К концу 1998 г., на полигоне было построено несколько конференц-залов, классные комнаты, комнаты отдыха с каминами и чучелами животных, магазин, столовая, арсенал, отдельная комната для чистки оружия, просторные номера со спутниковым ТВ. 5) В 2017 году ЧВК Блэкуотер-Академи получила 90% прибыли от государственных заказов, участвовала в военных конфликтах в Ираке, Афганистане, Сирии и по всему миру.

6. Present aurally the general idea of the text in 4-6 sentences. 7. Write the text`s summary and its 5 key words in English. 8. Do you agree with the following statement: «A super-rich person, who can rent a mercenary army for a war, is a new kind of a geopolitical player». Why and why not? Present a speech in 5-7 sentences in English to support your opinion.

9. Write a paper of 130-150 words on the US geopolitical objective of Afghanistan`s permanent occupation. Explain the interconnection between the US military presence in Afghanistan in 2001-2017 and 90 percent of Afghan heroin export to Russia in 2002-2017. Was it a covered variant of the opium war? Use any source of information to present your point of view.

The Financial Bubble is Increasing.

The pie has been shrinking, so the rich and their servants have been devising ways to enlarge their disproportionate share. Astronomical executive payment of 2002-2007 is only one symptom of the crisis. In 1973 the U.S. wages peaked, but since peaking, average wages (in 1973 dollars) declined by about 10 percent. The crisis symptom is the dollar rapid devaluation. My fellow baby boomers do not need statistics to understand the trends.  When I was growing up in 1960s suburbia, almost all mothers stayed at home while raising the children, and the father’s income was plenty to keep the family comfortable.  My wife’s father not only provided for five children on his schoolteacher’s income, but he also had a large recreational boat.  A hiking buddy was raised on Mercer Island on his schoolteacher father’s income, and they also had a boat that they spent the summers on, sailing to British Columbia and Alaska.  Paul Allen is Mercer Island’s richest resident today, and there are no schoolteachers living there with their boats moored at their docks.  It is almost surreal to consider those days of economic plenty that vanished in my lifetime. In 2010-2016 the stay-at-home mother was nearing extinction in America, primarily confined to wealthy mothers.  Those days of plenty are long gone and they won`t return, because American dollar has been shrinking. In 1959-60 estimated average month salary of a teacher in public elementary and secondary schools was $416.25, but teacher`s average month salary increased to $4600.16 in 2010-11. In 1960 schoolteacher’s $416.25 salary could keep comfortable five children in a family, and in 2010 schoolteacher`s $4600.16 salary can`t help raise one child in a family, so mother has to work and can`t stay at home raising a child. Since 1960 the purchasing power of American dollar declined by about 1000 percent. The reason of dollar`s decline is an increase of Fed money printing. In 2008-2017 the Federal Reserve has been secretly printing an incredible amount of money – more than $88 trln, and that wall of money has found a new home in the stock market driving the FTSE 100 higher. The crisis symptom is the US and the EU sharp debt increase. The US combined government, corporate, household debt exceeded $20 trln and was predicted to exceeded $25 trln on January 1, 2019. Forecasts predicted all EU countries' debt to reach 15 trln euro by 2016. Iceland and Greece have already crumbled. Scotland, the UK and the Spanish Catalonia wanted to solve economic problems by gaining independence from the UK, the EU and Spain respectively. Who will be next? For Economics Nobel laureate Vernon Smith, the Catch 22 is self-evident. The governments saved the banks, but who can save the governments?  The money hyperinflation is rocking the US and the rest of the world. It began brewing in the US when congress pushed the idea of home ownership for all, propping up those who couldn't make the down payments. The Market even coined a term, NINA loans: "No Income, No Assets, No Problem!" Enter FannieMae and FreddieMac, privately owned, government sponsored. Want that vacation? Wanna buy some new clothes? Use your house as a piggie bank! Why earn money to pay for your home when you can make money just living in it? With the government covering all losses, you'd have been a fool not to borrow. The 2002-2007 years of growth had been a continuous party. But when the punchbowl ran dry, the Federal Reserve just filled it up again with $88 trln phoney money. For analyst Peter Schiff, the consequence of the spending binge was crystal clear: we're in so much trouble now because we got drunk on all that Fed alcohol – trillions of newly printed dollars. In 2017, the USA rode history’s largest financial bubble in the decades after WW II.  The consequences might be catastrophic.

1. Find the Russian equivalents of the following.

1) the pie has been shrinking, 2) to be running out of steam, 3) to take some profits and raise cash, 4) the years of growth have been a continuous party, 5) the record run of gains for investors. 2. Answer the questions about the text in writing.

1) When did the US period of baby boom come to an end?

2) Why did the US dollar shrink?

3) What was dollar`s purchasing power in 2017 compared to 1973?

4) What is the distance from Mercers Island to Alaska?

5) When did the US government begin to realise the idea of home ownership for all?

6) What period was considered to be the US continuous party?

3. Translate the text aurally.

4. Translate aurally into English. 1) В комедии режиссера Майкла Джаджа «Идиотократия» (2004) было показано, что в Америке будущего звонок по телефону будет стоить 2000 долларов. 2) Гиперинфляция доллара в зарубежных странах, свободно обменивавших свою валюту на доллар, проявлялась тем, что раз в десять лет требовалось убирать по три нуля с местных денежных банкнот. 3) Банкиры США обеспечили доллары товарами тем, что резко увеличили стоимость биржевых акций, придумали новый товар – криптовалюту «биткоин».

5. Present aurally the general idea of the text in 4-6 sentences. 6. Write the text`s summary and its 5 key words in English.

Ex-Gitmo detainee on torture: «They broke me» www.cbsnews.com/ Ex-Gitmo detainee on torture
Mohamedou Slahi, whose personal enhanced interrogation program was directly approved by then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and has since been outlawed, praised the American people for allowing him to write a book about his experience at Guantanamo Bay. The former detainee was the only one held at Guantanamo to write a book that was published while he was still in the prison. Slahi who spoke almost no English when he arrived at Guantanamo, soaked up the language by reading popular books and conversing with his guards and interrogators. “Guantanamo Diary,” published with the help of his lawyers, was reviewed in the New York Times.  Now, in his first television interview since being released in October 2016, he tells his remarkable story on 60 Minutes. Holly Williams went to Slahi’s home country of Mauritania to interview him for the two-part report to be broadcast on March 12, 2017 at 7 p.m. ET/PT. Slahi says he went to Afghanistan twice in the early 1990s to fight the Communists backed by the Soviet Union who were also opposed by the United States. He also says he then severed his ties to al Qaeda who he had joined to take part in the jihad. He denies ever having anything to do with terrorism, but admits to personal and familial ties to al Qaeda, including having a cousin who was a close adviser to Osama bin Laden. When he received a call from that cousin apparently placed from Osama bin Laden’s phone, it made him a target for U.S. law enforcement and in 2002, after the attacks of 9/11 he was arrested in Mauritania, then taken to Jordan by the CIA, before eventually being sent to Guantanamo and tortured. There was isolation, constant interrogation and sleep deprivation and they also falsely told him his mother was being brought to Guantanamo Bay, he says. Slahi described being forced to drink salt water and then says his uniform was packed with ice.  “Inside your uniform. Ice cube, full. My body was full. And then I was like shaking uncontrollably like this. They start hitting me everywhere, hitting,” he tells Williams.  He thinks the beating lasted about three hours and said “I was moaning like a woman giving birth.” “They broke me.  I told...the boss of my team, ‘You write anything and I sign it.’” Slahi says he told interrogators that he was an active recruiter for al Qaeda, and was involved in a plan to blow up the CN Tower in Toronto but that plot never actually existed. “I was afraid of false confessing, but it was a relief because now he -- the captain could not torture me anymore.” Slahi says his interrogator could not sell his false confessions up the chain of command. “And then what they -- pretty much told him, ‘This is a bunch of B.S.’” Slahi’s life changed after that. He was given special privileges and living quarters and after more than another decade (2002-2016) in U.S. custody was released, but the ride home was the same as the ride to Guantanamo: he was shackled to a seat and blindfolded for the 10-hour flight. Asked by Williams whether he protested such treatment, he replies, “Why in the world should I ask any questions? I didn’t want them to change their mind.”

1. Find the Russian equivalents of the following.

1) to soak up the language, 2) a target for U.S. law enforcement, 3) to be shackled to a seat and blindfolded, 4) to sell the false confessions up the chain of command. 2. Answer the questions about the text in writing.

1) Why did the US media use «jihad» legend for naming the CIA covered operation in Afghanistan?

2) How many times did Slahi fight against Afghan government forces in the early 1990s?

3) Who gave Slahi money to pay for the ticket from Mauritania to Afghanistan?

4) Who paid Slahi`s expense during his fighting in Afghanistan?

5) Was Slahi a mercenary?

6) Where was the US Guantanamo Bay military base situated?

7) Why did the CIA move Slahi from Mauritania to Jordan?

8) Why did the US Secretary of Defense directly approve prisoner interrogation program? 3. Translate the text aurally.

4. Translate aurally into English. 1) В 2013 году американская организация Оупэн сосаити джастис инишитив (Open Society Justice Initiative) опубликовала доклад, что правительства 54 государств помогали ЦРУ похищать людей, содержали секретные тюрьмы ЦРУ на своей территории. 2) В 2014 году комиссия Сената США составила секретный доклад объемом 6000 страниц о пытках ЦРУ, из которого в СМИ передали только 500 страниц. 3) В докладе было сказано, что один из самых «мягких» способов пытки заключался в том, что узника вешали за закованные в кандалы руки и 180 часов не давали ему спать, пока человек не начинал бредить. 4) Сотни способов пыток имели цель унизить пленника и надругаться над ним, когда военнослужащие-женщины заставляли пленников раздеваться на допросе догола, били их в пах, травили собаками, помещали на 18 часов в ящик с насекомыми.

5. Present aurally the general idea of the text in 4-6 sentences. 6. Write a paper of 130-150 words on the US not following its own laws by operating the Guantanamo prison.

«ATM Modi» Squirms in Trump`s Afghan Embrace


Friends don’t talk money, especially when the friendship is as special as the one India and the United States claim theirs to be. But as Narendra Modi is beginning to find out, there’s no such thing as a free hug, not in Trump World. Unveiling his much-awaited address on the strategy to end the Afghan conflict, Donald Trump this week said all the things that would gladden the heart of the Indian leader. He blasted India’s arch-rival Pakistan for sheltering terrorists and demanded Islamabad do more to rein in terror emanating from its soil. Modi’s thoughts exactly. In 2014-2016, Modi has progressively tightened his embrace of the US, in a departure from the more careful approach of his predecessors balancing between the US and China. But this is not the first time Trump has brought up money. Just days before the first meeting between Modi and Trump in Washington in June 2017, Trump singled out India for trying to extract “billions and billions and billions” of dollars in foreign aid to sign up for the Paris climate agreement, drawing an angry response from New Delhi. By the end of Modi’s trip, during which he was photographed repeatedly bear-hugging Trump, a self-declared germaphobe, India had in fact signed away billions of dollars in defense contracts without much to show by way of tangible returns. The new US visa policy restricting Indian software workers, which is playing havoc with Indian IT companies’ traditional business models and putting thousands of their techies out of work, did not even come up when the two leaders met. Instead, Modi got a lecture on the need to relax India’s trade barriers. “I get the sense that Trump has sized up Modi to be an ATM. His reference to America’s US$24 billion trade deficit with India as reason for India to step up to the plate in Afghanistan was not only crass but downright insulting. The perception it creates in the regional opinion – that Modi is his sidekick – doesn’t do any good for the country’s self-respect,” said former Indian ambassador M.K. Bhadrakumar. “India has been the biggest donor in Afghanistan, and that is a legacy that predates both Modi and Trump.” A bigger question looms over Trump’s intended role for India in Afghanistan. “It’s not entirely clear what Trump wants India to do that it isn’t already doing,” said Tharoor, pointing out that New Delhi has spent over US$2.5 billion in vital development projects ranging from a major highway and dam to ensuring 24/7 electricity for Kabul, restoring girls’ schools, setting up a major maternal and child health hospital and building the new Afghan parliament. Despite its engagement in Afghanistan, India has traditionally avoided involving itself in its domestic politics. The Afghans appreciate this, said Bhadrakumar, who hopes India doesn’t take Trump’s “bait” to step into nation-building. “Why should India carry America’s can of worms?” The former ambassador is also not convinced if India can trust America’s, or even Trump’s, commitment to Afghanistan. “What happens when Trump’s strategy fails and the exit strategy begins?” said Bhadrakumar, warning of the dangers of hitching India’s wagon to America’s Afghan quagmire that has dragged on for 16 years and shows no signs of ending.

1. Find the Russian equivalents of the following.

1) friends don’t talk money, 2) there is no a free hug in Trump World, 3) a self-declared germaphobe, 4) to step into nation-building. 2. Answer the questions about the text in writing.

1) What was the meaning of the words «Trump World»?

2) What was the meaning of the phrase: «India must step up to the plate in Afghanistan»?

3) How much money did India spend in Afghanistan?

4) What was the meaning of the phrase «to carry America’s can of worms»?

5) What was the meaning of the phrase «to hitch India’s wagon to America’s Afghan quagmire that has dragged on for 16 years»?

3. Translate the text aurally.

4. Translate aurally into English. 1) В 2011 г. Збигнев Бжезинский в выступлении в Торонто перед членами канадского Совета по международным отношениям не назвал Индию в числе мировых держав, сказав, что «Индия просыпается». 2) Вашингтон скрыто управлял Индией руками агентов влияния - членов индийского Совета по международным отношениям. 3) Реализуя политику вассала американской империи, Индия выделила 2,5 млрд. долларов на программу помощи Афганистану, который США оккупировали с 2001 года.

5. Present aurally the general idea of the text in 4-6 sentences. 6. Write the text`s summary and its 5 key words in English.
The Price of True Love in the UK

Daily Mail, April 23, 2010

They say you have to kiss a lot of frogs before you find your prince. And according to a new survey, there is actually some truth in the fairy tale phrase. A spokesman for UKDating.com, which polled 2,173 of its members, said: 'Although you cannot put the price on true love, it seems you can certainly put a price on finding it. The study found that one percent women said they had been on between 61 and 80 dates before finding someone suitable. And seven per cent of women have been on between 41 and 60 dates before finding someone to share their life with. One in four women will meet a man just once before deciding whether or not he is 'the one'. Thirty-five per cent will give a man two dates, and 16 per cent make their decision after three dates. Research shows that the average British woman will date 24 different men, and spend more than £2,000 before finding 'Mr. Right'. The average date costs a woman £85.38, taking into account the money spent on new clothes, hair, travel and drinks. This includes £2.48 on fake tan, £2.55 on a new outfit and £12.86 on their hair. What the average British woman pays per date: new outfit - £26.55, hair - £12.86, food - £12.20, drinks - £9.60, new accessories - £8.35, entertainment - £7.64, public transport - £3.70, fake tan - £2.48, gifts - £2. The research also revealed that despite the amount spent on each date, a third of women have left halfway through after realizing they had met with 'Mr. Wrong'. And despite most women preferring chivalrous men with manners, it seems most women like to go Dutch on a date, splitting the bill to spend £12.20 on food, £9.60 on drinks and £7.64 on entertainment. Over the average 24 dates, a woman will spend over £2,049.12. The UKDating spokesman added: 'Men traditionally don't expect gifts, but this new trend for women to bring a gift certainly wins points with their date.'  
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