Викторина по английскому языку по обычаям и традициям в Великобритании (9-11 кл.)
Викторина по английскому языку по обычаям и традициям
в Великобритании (9-11 кл.)
1.Какого числа отмечают Рождество в Великобритании?
20 Традиционный английский чай — это чай …
1)из шкуры ламы 2) из шкуры лисы 3) из шкуры медведя-гризли 4) из шкуры коалы
1)на троне 2) на мешке шерсти 3) на бревне 4) на полу
1)собак 2) военных 3) пони 4) шляпок
1)Теодор Рузвельт 2) Санора Смарт 3) Уильям Говард Тафт 4) Руфь Сен-Дени
1) День Отца 2) День Благодарения 3) День Памяти 4) День Независимости
1)только женщины 2) только повара 3) только замужние дамы 4) только мужчины
Страноведческая викторина: символы Великобритании, климат
a). one b). two c). three d). four
a). English b). French c). Italian d). Latin
a). Wales b). England c). Scotland d). Northern Ireland
a). Liverpool b). Cambridge c). Manchester d). Greenwich
V. Choose the right word. There can be more than one appropriate answer.
The British climate is 1. a). cool b). humid c). dry d). changeable because of the 2. a). Gulf Stream b). The English Channel c). The Atlantic Ocean d). The North Sea.
a) The Queen Victoria Memorial;
b) mosaic decoration;
c) Coronation Chair;
2. Its ruins as a symbol of the Romans Empire’s greatness.
b) Walter Scott Memorial;
c) Hadrian’s Wall;
3. Which of these monuments was created to commemorate the Great Fire of London?
a) Nelson’s Column;
b) Marble Arch;
c) The Monument;
II. Outstanding people of Great Britain.
3. Match the names of famous people.
1. What region is known as the heart of England?
a) the Southwest
b) the Southeast
c) East Anglia
d) the Midlands
e) the North of England
2. What is the Garden of England?
b) the County of Kent
3. What is the highest mountain in Great Britain?
b) Ben Nevis
c) the Pennines
d) the Grampians
a) the Thames
b) the Trent
c) the Severn
d) the Clyde
b) The Lake District
6. What national resources bring the most profits to the British economy?
a) coal reserves
b) oil reserves
c) water resources
d) gold resources
Задания по чтению (9-11 кл)
Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами 1-8. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
1. International language
2. English was not for everyone
3. American English
4. Necessary for communication
5. Former British colonies
6. The Norman conquest of England
7. Efficient ways to learn English
8. English-speaking countries
A. The problem of learning languages is very important today. Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at the present time when the progress in science and technology has led to an explosion of knowledge and has contributed to an overflow of information. The total knowledge of mankind is known to double every seven years. Foreign languages are needed as the main and the most efficient means of information exchange of the peoples.
B. Today English is the language of the world. Over 300 million people speak it as a mother tongue. The native speakers of English live in Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America. English is one of the official languages in the Irish Republic, Canada, the South African Republic. As a second language it is used in the former British and US colonies.
C. English is not only the national or official language of some thirty states which represent different cultures, but it is also the major international language for communication in such areas as science, technology, business and mass entertainment. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations Organization and other political organizations. It is the language of literature, education, modem music, international tourism.
D. What did the Norman Conquest do to England? It gave it French kings and nobles who brought with them the French language. After the Norman Conquest there were three languages in England. There was Latin, the language of the church in which all learned men wrote and spoke. Then there was French, the language which the kings and nobles spoke and wrote. Finally, there was the English language which remained the language of poor people who did not understand French or Latin but spoke only English.
E. So far there is no universal or ideal method of learning languages. Everybody has his own way. Sometimes it is boring to study grammar or to learn new words. But it is well known that reading original books in English, listening to the BBC news, communicating with the English speaking people will help a lot. When learning a foreign language you learn the culture and history of native speakers.
F. The conquest of England by the Normans began in 1066 with the battle of Hastings, where the English fought against the Normans. The conquest was complete in 1086. Who were these Normans who conquered England? They were Vikings or 'Norsemen', men from the North. Some 150 years before the conquest of England they came to a part of France, opposite England, a part which we now call Normandy.
G. The beginning of 1600th was the English colonization of North America and the creation of an American dialect. Some pronunciations and usages didn’t change when they reached the American shore. In certain respects, American English is closer to the English of Shakespeare than modem British English is. Some "Americanisms" are actually originally British expressions that were preserved in the colonies while lost at home (e.g., fall as a synonym for autumn, trash for rubbish, loan as a verb instead of lend).
Прочитай три отрывка о рабочем дне девочки.
а) Расположи отрывки в таком порядке, чтобы получился рассказ.
1). At one o'clock Ann usually has lunch. After lunch she helps mother about the house. Ann doesn't like to wash the dishes but she enjoys shopping. Sometimes she doesn't remember what her mother told her to buy but she never forgets to buy some milk for her cat.
2). Ann can play the piano very well. Her friends often come to see her in the evening. They enjoy listening to music and sometimes Ann plays or sings for them. They always praise (хвалят) her singing. Sometimes they go out for a walk if the weather is fine and enjoy fresh air and a good company.
3). Ann often goes to bed late and she hates getting up early. Her mornings are very busy. She can't always find her things. She looks for her schoolbag everywhere and at last finds it under the sofa. Sometimes she doesn't have time to eat her breakfast and she is often late for school. I wonderwhyshenevergetsbadmarks!
1.She is never late for school.
2.She always gets good marks.
3.She goes to bed early.
4.She enjoys shopping.
5.Sometimes she goes for а walk in the evening.
6.She doesn't sing well.
7.She can't find her things in the morning.
8.She always buys milk for her cat.
9.She likes to wash the dishes.
READING (9-11 form)
Read the first part of the text “Social organisation among animals” and answer questions 1-5
Varieties of social organisation
The palalo – a worm which lives on rocks in the sea – is one of very few animals which never have contact with other members of the same species. Others, such as spiders, are normally solitary.
Some species form social links only for the period while they are rearing their young. Among birds, European robins raise their chicks in a pair, away from other members of their species, while herring gulls form larger groups (colonies) consisting of many pairs living close together, each pair raising their chicks independently.
Many species of fish and birds form large groups, called schools and flocks, respectively, and swim or fly together. Hens attack each other, and eventually establish a hierarchy based on their individual strength. Those at the top of the ‘pecking order’ get to eat before the others.
Finally, some animals spend most or all of their lives in social groups in which individuals co-operate. Lions, for instance, usually live in a relatively permanent group, called a pride, where some activities, such as hunting, are social, and others, like sleeping, are solitary.
Bees, wasps and ants live in stable, co-operative groups in which every activity is communal and organised. Worker bees (which are all female) have several jobs in succession, depending on their age. They begin with cleaning duties, and later become soldiers to defend the hive against intruders. Finally they fly out of the hive to collect food. There is a highly complex social organization.
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C
Which of these animals spends most, but not all, of its life alone?
B herring gull
European robins and herring gulls are different with regard to
A how many birds help to bring up each chick.
B the social organisations in which pairs bring up their young.
C how long they spend together.
What point is made about hens?
A The best fighters eat different kinds of food from weaker hens.
B They live in larger groups than most other species of birds.
C Their social structure gives certain individuals advantages over others.
What is said about the life of lions?
A They live in a group and do some activities together.
B They live separately and come together for some activities.
C They live in a group and do all activities together.
What point is made about worker bees?
A They carry out different tasks as they get older.
B They live in a social structure unlike that of any other animals.
C They could not survive alone.
For items 6-10 read the second part of the text “Social organisation among animals”.
Advantages of social co-operation
The young can be reared more safely in social groups. Birds in a colony tend to lay their eggs around the same time, so all the chicks emerge from the egg almost simultaneously. As an individual predator (an animal that kills and eats other animals) can only consume a finite number of eggs or chicks, each individual is less likely to be eaten. Groups of adult elephants surround all their young, giving each one much greater protection than its parents alone could provide.
Groups are also more effective in bringing up the young. In some species of apes and monkeys, female ‘aunties’ help to look after young which are not their own, while learning how to raise their own young in the future. Lion cubs drink the milk not only of their mother but also of other lionesses in the group, and the range of antibodies that different females provide increases their resistance to disease.
A group that spreads out in search of food is likely to be more successful than an animal searching alone. When one has found food, others may simply join it, but some species have developed a highly complex form of communication. When a honeybee finds some food it returns to its hive and performs a complex dance to indicate the location of the food to others.
Which FIVE of the following advantages (marked by A-I) of social co-operation are mentioned in the above passage? Fill in the table using letters A-I in alphabetical order.
A More eggs can be laid.
B Eggs are more likely to survive.
C There are more adults available to protect the young.
D Individuals can develop skills for later use.
E The young are likely to be healthier.
F Individuals can eat food which others have found.
G The group is more likely to live close to a source of food.
H Lion cubs spend more time with their mothers.
I Insects grow larger when they live in communities.
Read the menu and the text below and decide what each person — Dan, Jenny, Kate, Tim — ate and drank
Dan's food cost less than a pound.
Jenny doesn't eat meat or fish.
Kate's food cost more than Jenny's.
Tim doesn't like fish.
Jenny didn't have chips with her food.
Kate and Dan had the same thing to eat.
Tim's food was the most expensive on the menu.
Dan didn't have a sandwich.
The total bill for food was £4.43.
Jenny and Tim had the same drink.
Only Kate had a hot drink.
Dan had the least expensive drink.
Jenny's drink cost 25 p more than Kate's drink.
11. Dan ate ... .
12. Dan drank ....
13. Jenny ate ....
14. Jenny drank ... .
15. Kate ate ... .
16. Kate drank ....
17. Tim ate ... .
18. Tim drank ....
19. ... paid more than others for food.
20. ... paid less than others for a drink.
Упражнения на идиомы (с ответами)
1. Подберите к каждой идиоме из первой колонки соответствующий перевод – из второй.
2. Составьте идиомы, соединив глагол из первой колонки и существительное или словосочетание – из второй.
3. Поставьте в предложения подходящие по смыслу идиомы, приведенные ниже.
behind the times – a social butterfly - a cheapskate – all ears - a couch potato – on cloud nine - a man of his word - down-to-earth – a goody two-shoes – a white-collar worker
Упражнение 1. Выделите грамматические омонимы; определите, какими частями речи они являются и каковы их грамматические признаки. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1) Give me your right hand. Draw a line at the right angle. You are the right man for the right place. The football team scattered over the sporting field right and left. The sun was right above our heads when we dismounted. Turn to your right.
2) I am quite well, thank you. Well begun is half done. Well, who would have thought it! This man is well past forty. I wish you well. The well are impatient of the sick.
3) The car was all covered with mud. All people must start struggling for a lasting peace. He may lose all his property in one day.
Упражнение 2. Составьте примеры на следующие грамматические омонимы:
1) For – как предлог и как союз; 2) since – как наречие, предлог и союз; 3) half – как прилагательное, наречие, существительное; 4) past – как предлог, наречие, прилагательное; 5) only – как частица, союз, прилагательное; 6) then – как наречие, союз; 7) before, after, since – как предлог, наречие и союз; 8) exactly, too – как наречие и частица; 9) naturally – как наречие и вводное модальное слово.
Упражнение 3. Определите, в каких случаях слова up, оn, off, in являются наречиями или предлогами, а в каких случаях они являются элементом фразовых глаголов (послелогами).
1) Time went on and on. The knife is on the table. Put your hat on.
2) Bring the visitor up. We bring up our children as law-abiding citizens. The old man climbed up the stairs with difficulty.
3) Sweep the crumbs off the table. The rider fell off the saddle. Take off the lid.
4) You come in and you find yourself in a well- furnished room. The children are in.
Задания для школьников (9-11 кл.)
Отгадайте глаголы по их определениям.
2. to go up or towards the top of a mountain, wall, ladder ________________
3. to disappear below the horizon (about the sun) ________________
4. to go on being, doing, etc. ________________
5. to buy or reserve a ticket, seat, etc., for a play, train, etc. in advance _______
6. to guard or defend from danger, to keep safe ________________
7. to want something to happen and have some reason
to believe that it will happen _______________ _
8. to put in a place where it cannot be seen or easily found ________________
9. to travel through a place for the purpose of discovery _________________
10. to divide, to put apart _________________
В строчках найдите слова, с помощью которых Вы могли бы описать квартиру. Время на выполнение – 5-6 мин. Слова подчеркните, а количество таких слов в строчке укажите справа.
Это история о моряках, которые долгое время провели на острове. Чтобы ее прочитать, расположите абзацы в правильном порядке. Результаты занесите в табличку.
HOW PENGUINS CAME ON AN ISLAND
a. The poor men grew very thin and weak. They were beginning to lose all hope of life, when great flocks of penguins came to the beach. Now the sailors could get a lot of penguin eggs which were good to eat. So the penguins saved their lives. The penguins stayed for about three months; when their young ones could swim, they all disappeared one night in the direction of the south.
b. Far out in the Atlantic Ocean, about midway between Africa and South America and over a thousand miles from the land, there is a group of three small islands.
c. Some time after a ship landed there, and the sailors left the island. They told many interesting things about penguins.
d. For six months the sailors lived very well. They killed many seals and hunted wild pigs and goats. Then a sad accident happened: there was a terrible storm in the sea and their ship sank with all their meat and guns. Now they were shut up in that little island. Winter was coming on, and they had very little food to eat.
e. Two sailors, who knew and liked this peaceful place, decided to live there for some time. There were very many seals there, and they could catch and kill them for food. They built a hut near the shore, where there was a beautiful waterfall of sweet spring water. They could climb up high hills where there were wild pigs and goats.
Прочитайте рассказ о старом слоне и его хозяине. Заполните пропуски необходимыми словами. Слова выбирайте из таблицы.
A circus owner once came to India. One day he went to the (1)___________. An Indian market is a wonderful place. You can buy there whatever you want. The man wanted to buy some unusual (2)_______________: a snake, a tiger (3)__________ or a peacock. But suddenly he saw an elephant. The (4)_______________ was big and grey with a very long (5)_____________and big (6)________________. It was like a real (7)_________________! The man came to the seller: “How much is the elephant?” – “I don’t sell him”, said the man, “he is my friend. Now he is very old and can’t work. I am poor and he eats a lot. I don’t have enough (8)_____________________ to buy food for him.” “Then what do you want to do with him?” asked the circus owner. “I hope that someone would like to become his new (9)_________________ and take care of him for the rest of his life”, answered the man. The circus owner thought for a while then he said: “I am a circus owner. I would like to take him with me. I think he will be a good (10) ______________ at my circus.” “Where is your circus?” asked the man. “I live far from here, in Europe. We’ll go there by (11)_______________. The ship is leaving tomorrow. If you want I may take you to Europe too.” The Indian man was surprised at such (12)___________. But then he said: “I haven’t got a family. This elephant is my real friend and I would like to go with you.” The next morning they left for Europe. Ali (it was the name of the Indian man) lived with his elephant in the circus, took good care of him and in the evenings they took part in the performances together.
На выполнение данного задания дается 7 мин.
Быстро прочитайте текст, стараясь выделять наиболее существенные мысли: главные мысли абзацев (3) и важные второстепенные мысли (2-3), раскрывающие, дополняющие главные. Время на чтение – 2 мин.
Отложите текст, вспомните существенные мысли и запишите их в бланк ответов. Время – 5 мин.
Перескажите существенные мысли.
Rain has always been very important in people's lives, and people have always tried to do something when they needed water for their fields. In the past, they did not think about irrigation - and did something quite different to bring rain.
Once the Orinoco Indians kept frogs in their homes for the purpose of bringing rain.
Knowing that frogs croak in wet weather, they brought the frogs out of their houses in times when rain was needed, and beat them gently. In this way the Indians made the frogs croak, thinking that this would start rain.